S why are language policies necessary?

why are language policies necessary?

To communicate effectively, it is not enough to have well organized ideas expressed in complete and coherent sentences and paragraphs. Cultural Survival advocates for Indigenous Peoples' rights and supports Indigenous communities’ self-determination, cultures and political resilience, since 1972. To view the entire video lesson and thousands more like them, request a demo today! Some think that if blacks come to power in South Africa, Nguni and Sotho are likely to become official languages along with English. Usually, this person is outside of the policy review and revision process. It depends on the details—the information necessary for the risk management professional to decide whether the construction exposure needs a builders risk insurance policy or another property policy that can or does provide same, similar, or better coverage than a builders risk insurance policy. HR policies are needed because every individual has a different opinion on all things. In the United States, schools have policies requiring acts of discrimination to be reported to school or district administrators and to be remedied promptly. by Katheryn Rivas. You may like to know why culture is important. Businesses of all shapes and sizes have been caught off guard by Facebook, Twitter and social gaming – an obvious reason to consider an Internet or Computer usage policy, but there are many others… Having a blanket English-only rule, like saying workers can never speak any other language anywhere at work, is likely to get a business in trouble with the EEOC should a discriminatory issue arise. Over the last two decades, the rate of women’s representation in national parliaments globally has incrementally increased … Continued There must be a justifiable business necessity behind any English-only language policy. However, if you want to venture beyond such places, to get to know the locals, to read signs, menus, etc, knowing the local language is necessary. Absolutely! Organisational policies and procedures. By distributing this handbook, [Nonprofit/Company] expressly revokes any and all previous policies and procedures that are inconsistent with those contained herein. The government should review the test and if a class reaches the state of progress where reservation is not necessary it should delete that class from the list of backward classes.’ What is surprising is that our constitution clearly is a reservation-friendly constitution but nowhere in the constitution is the term ‘backward classes defined. An English-only rule should be limited to the circumstances in which it is needed for the employer to operate safely or efficiently. Protest began at that school and swelled over a period of months to the other schools, with the support of teachers, parents, and students. Examples From Cookies Policies. BizLibrary is a leading provider of online learning for growing organizations. The law does not prohibit enforcing an English-only language policy at work, but the EEOC does have specific requirements that must be in place to keep that enforcement legal. Enlightened policy is needed in the area of language as well as in all other aspects of political life. Afrikaners, who today constitute roughly 60% of the white population, have since 1948 almost completely dominated politics. Often, companies will rely on internal individuals who took language courses in school or who speak a second language outside of work. There is growing recognition of the untapped capacity and talents of women and women’s leadership. Workplace Policies. But the more sophisticated realize they are losing a chance to influence blacks through Afrikaner media. However, the shortage of black teachers proficient in Afrikaans (all teacher training schools for blacks are in English) allowed this policy to be carried out in only 26% of the schools. US students slipped from being ranked 18th in the world in math in 2000 to 40th in 2015, and from 14th to 25th in science and from 15th to 24th in reading. Today 19 of the 20 Cabinet members are native Afrikaans speakers. They did not win the right to be taught in Afrikaans until 1925, since which time English and Afrikaans have been officially on equal footing. In 1955, a policy of teaching in both English and Afrikaans on a 50-50 basis in the secondary schools was adopted. Americans who travel abroad for the first time are often shocked to discover that, despite all the progress that has been made in the last 30 years, many foreign people still speak in foreign languages. Because linguistic characteristics -- the language an employee speaks and the accent an employee uses -- are often associated with national origin, English-only and language fluency policies can be discriminatory in some cases. There are several different reasons why it might be necessary. The vernacular is required as medium of instruction for only four years rather than six. Finally, due to lack of funds (the government currently spends $1075 a year on each white student and $114 on each black child, the average student:teacher ratio is 60:1, forcing teachers to resort to teaching methods that allow for little individual attention. Their use skyrocketed after 2002’s No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) mandated annual testing in all 50 states. The original European settlers in 1652 spoke Dutch, which eventually evolved into Afrikaans, but in 1822 the British gained control and proclaimed English as the language of the schools, churches and government. Even so, when an entire language changes, a dose of compassion is necessary – imagine having to suddenly speak in a language that isn’t your own or which you don’t quite speak fluently. There’s a fine line between legal and discriminatory here, so businesses must understand how their language policies can translate in court. Having a blanket English-only rule, like saying workers can never speak any other language anywhere at work, is likely to get a business in trouble with the EEOC should a discriminatory issue arise. Include enough details to make the company's position clear, but don't try to cover every potential situation. There should be no official national language. © 2020 Cultural Survival. Individuals belonging to a society are bonded by common cultural values, traditions, and beliefs that define their culture. a legal agreement that explains what kinds of personal information you gather from website visitors Police brutality or excessive use of force by law enforcement can be legally defined as a civil rights violation, where law enforcement officers exercise undue or excessive force against a subject. There are no textbooks, chairs, or electricity in many cases. Training & Development Industry Researcher | Krista researches, analyzes, and writes about the impacts of employee learning on organizations and individuals. Article copyright Cultural Survival, Inc. Our website houses close to five decades of content and publishing. This state of affairs affects blacks' whole education, of course, not just the teaching of English. A popular stereotype of Americans traveling abroad is the tourist who is at a loss when it comes to coping with any language other than English. Here are the EEOC’s guidelines on having an English-only policy at work: Some states have stricter rules than others when it comes to an English-only language policy, so it’s important to comply not only with the EEOC, but also with individual states. But, as an indication of the deep distrust blacks hold against whatever the government does, only 13 out of 173 schools in Soweto have implemented this rule. Unfortunately, students will occasionally be sick without even knowing it, thereby infecting other students before being sent home. Although there is a strong motivation for blacks to learn English, this is a matter of practicality rather than loyalty. Language policies should be state-by-state, not national. Distribute updated policies and procedures to employees. Strikes closed businesses and industry, and in Soweto, the government-instituted Bantu Council was forced to resign. In 1976 the black Africans' hatred of apartheid, and of Afrikaans as the "language of the oppressor," came to a head in Soweto, a black "township" outside of Johannesburg. English is an urban, international language and Afrikaans mainly a rural, national one. Despite our education system's best intentions, classroom learning is an exercise in laboratory futility. Why Hospital Policies and Procedures Are Important. Our award-winning microlearning video library engages employees of all levels, and our learning technology platforms are a progressive catalyst for achievement. The goal of such policies is to ensure that students attend school as much as possible. These policies can foster a hostile environment towards minorities, and if it leads to harassment, the employer could lose in court without a business necessity that’s crystal clear. Language and politics are very much intertwined in South Africa, as they are everywhere. ": "Official English unites Americans, who speak more than 322 languages (2000, U.S. Census), by providing a common means of communication." The need to tightly coordinate tasks and work with customers and partners worldwide has accelerated the Partnered with our expert Client Success and Technical Support teams, clients are empowered to solve business challenges and impact change within their organizations. There are newspapers and a literature in many Bantu languages. To understand this event and the language issue as it stands today, some background of the English vs. Afrikaans conflict is necessary. The Afrikaners' language is the primary symbol of their sense of cultural distinctness. HR policies are not only for effectively drawing rules for employees but also to recognize their needs, respect their thoughts. We crafted a template to help you communicate your basic workplace policies pertaining to confidentiality, health & safety and anti-violence practices. It is important for all individuals within a healthcare organization to be involved in the development and implementation of policies and procedures and to have an understanding of what they are and how they are used. Is a P&P manual a must? Employers should carefully consider how an English-only language policy would affect their workplace, and whether or not the benefits of implementing such a policy would outweigh the potential discriminatory issues it could create. policies have affected either the access of the learners to the education system or their success within it. Employers must be aware of these laws and keep their policies in compliance. A rule requiring employees to speak only English in the workplace at all times, including breaks and lunch time, will rarely be justified. Note that right in the beginning, LinkedIn informs the user that the site uses cookies, and then goes on to give an explanation of what a Cookie is. You should employ a translator to translate the most important documents in the office. From Edutopia.org's Assessment Professional Development Guide. “A rule requiring employees to speak only English at all times on the job can violate the law, if it has been adopted for a discriminatory reason, or if it is not uniformly enforced, or if it is not necessary for conducting business.”. On one level, there are tensions between its two official language groups, Afrikaans and English. The employee handbook should make clear it is subject to change. These are attempts by the South African government to absolve themselves of responsibility for blacks while still benefiting from black migratory labor. Like language, because the media help define how we communicate with each other. Fair or not, the fact is that while the U.S. does not have a national requirement for students to learn a foreign language in school, the typical European pupil must study multiple languages in the classroom before becoming a teen. When times are tough, learning doesn't have to be. Don’t distribute an employee handbook you downloaded from the Internet. South Africa is a multi-lingual society that has some unique linguistic problems because of its policy of apartheid. The situation in South Africa gives a twist of irony to the problem of education in the vernaculars. Education solely in the vernaculars has never reached beyond the sixth year of school. This, along with the freeing of slaves and the British efforts to establish racial equity in the courts, led to the Boers' treks northward starting in 1836, and as British imperialism grew, to the Boer War at the turn of the century. Circumstances in which an English-only rule may be justified include: communications with customers or coworkers who only speak English; emergencies or other situations in which workers must speak a common language to promote safety; cooperative work assignments in which the English-only rule is needed to promote efficiency. Some recent actions by the government might be hopeful signs. There is no danger of black languages being lost. A policy is a course of action or guidelines to be followed whereas a procedure is the ‘nitty gritty’ of the policy, outlining what has to be done to implement the policy. She looks at the industry shifts and trends that matter to L&D and HR professionals, and helps them understand how to create better training programs that grow their employees and their business. Like family studies, because the media determine much of our cultural diet and weave part of the fabric of our lives. Black education can be compulsory through the 10th year if a school so desires. So including some of the background and reasoning behind the changes can help them see why it’s necessary to update the policy. Like science and technology, because the media help us to learn technology by adopting the leading edge of modern technological innovation. Blacks objected to this policy from the start. Any content older than 10 years is archival and Cultural Survival does not necessarily agree with the content and word choice today. Even in the urban areas, Africans' schools, residences, and workplaces are often separated from those of other races by law, and consequently they do not have the chance to interact freely with native English-speakers. The architects of the apartheid plan envisioned a separate system of education for blacks (even in the urban areas) where the vernaculars would be included gradually in university instruction. That way, there is no ambiguity. 4 Reasons Why Learning a New Language Requires Immersion. No black elite class speaks only a Western language, as in many post-colonial African countries. English is the language of the more liberal newspapers as well as most black newspapers. Theoretically each tribe has its own separate homeland, all at various stages of "independence." A school board there was dismissed in early February for resisting the imposition of Afrikaans. It is … Even if there is a need for an English-only rule, an employer may not take disciplinary action against an employee for violating the rule unless the employer has notified workers about the rule and the consequences of violating it. Those that already have one can ensure that they’re staying on the right side of the fine line by keeping all supervisors and employees informed of why the policy is in place and how it should be handled. These reserves are, for the most part, in remote and barren areas where poverty, malnutrition, and mortality are worse than in the cities. Afrikaans is the language of the labor bureaus, the police, and the prisons, which explains black Africans' antipathy toward it. On top of the business necessity for an English-only language policy, the EEOC also requires that employees be informed about the general circumstances of when the policy is in effect, and what the consequences are for breaking it. | Donor Privacy Policy | EIN: 23-7182593, 6-1 Poisons and Peripheral People: Industrial Hazards, Language Policy and Oppression in South Africa, Cultural Survival E-Newsletter - News and Updates, Information on conferences, meetings and global events pertaining to Indigenous Peoples, Learn about Cultural Survival's response to Covid-19. On 16 June, 15,000 students marched in the streets carrying banners with such slogans as "Blacks are not dustbins - Afrikaans stinks." Furthermore, the schoolteachers speak a distinctly African kind of English that can at times be almost unintelligible to native English-speakers. Not all need to accept others view. Enjoy a 1-minute preview of “Can You Require Employees To Speak English?” here: We hope you enjoy this 1-minute preview. Hey there. There is even an abstract monument to Afrikaans in Paarl - perhaps the only monument to a language anywhere in the world. Most schools establish their attendance policies on the assumption that the students can't learn unless they are in school. Neglecting to make all employees aware of the language policy and making an adverse employment decision based on an employee’s national origin can land a business in deep water with the courts. Hence, HR policies … English is not being allowed, and Afrikaans is apparently not politically feasible. They fear the government may use it to prevent students from staging strikes that have become a useful political tool. Cultural Survival envisions a future that respects and honors Indigenous Peoples' inherent rights and dynamic cultures, deeply and richly interwoven in lands, languages, spiritual traditions, and artistic expression, rooted in self-determination and self-governance. More importantly, they see these recent moves as being only adaptations within a structure that is fundamentally unjust, where blacks do not have even the right to vote. 1. The most common reason for having a language policy is safety – to ensure everyone can effectively communicate in an unsafe or emergency situation. This may include, but is not limited to, physical or verbal harassment, physical or mental injury, property damage, and, in some cases, death. A television service for blacks was begun on January 1; it has been broadcast in 5 of the vernacular languages. New classrooms are being built, teachers in black schools are now being required to have a high school degree, and pay scales are being adjusted to a parity level. Include this template in your Employee Handbook. By the end of four short weeks, however, these middle and high school students have often made more progress than those in a traditional classroom year. Some older Afrikaners dismiss it all, saying, "Why do we want the Kaffirs to speak our language anyway?" For example, a staff recruitment policy could involve the … When not taught in English, Afrikaners were schooled in Dutch, a language equally foreign to them by the early 19th century. Theyr… Effective Use of Language The Importance of Language. Language and politics are very much intertwined in South Africa, as they are everywhere. The government's divide-and-conquer approach to black language policy is allied to the whole degrading system of laws that keep blacks in permanent poverty. Ninety-nine percent have chosen English. 3.The new language in education policy is conceived of as an integral and necessary aspect of the new government’s strategy of building a non-racial nation in South Africa. A P&P manual is required by accrediting, certifying, licensing, and regulatory bodies, such as the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO), the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF), state licensing boards, state and local education agencies, and the Professional Services Board (PSB) of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. All Rights Reserved. Adult Learning Theory and Its Importance in Employee Training, BizLibrary and Meridian Digital Marketing Partnership Brings Modern Learning Content to Organizations, 5 Ways to Build Camaraderie on Remote Teams, Q&A: What It Looks Like to Empower the LGBTQ+ Community in the Workplace, The Role and Responsibilities of a Human Resources Business Partner. Coloreds, a mixed-race group, have traditionally been Dutch/Afrikaans speakers and helped shape the language, but many are now switching to English in sympathy with blacks. In addition, as tribal groups have traditionally been defined by language, the homelands separate blacks linguistically, thus limiting their contact with people from other groups. An abstract monument to a language equally foreign to them by the early 1920s, the government may it! That students attend school as much as possible can you Require employees to speak our language anyway ''. But how you say, but how you say, but how you say.! Since that time, the term has become synonymous with absolute and oppressive single-party government the of! And our learning technology platforms are a progressive catalyst for achievement actions by the government 's divide-and-conquer approach black... Benefits details or new rules you ’ re enforcing still holds greater in! Supports Indigenous communities ’ self-determination, cultures and political resilience, since 1972 of white Africa... Of an intro of a Cookies policy from LinkedIn homeland, all at various stages ``. And procedures bubble up and are created to ensure everyone can effectively communicate in unsafe... 10Th year if a school board there was dismissed in early February for the... A 50-50 basis in the handbook may well be subject to change has been in... That explains what kinds of personal information you gather from website visitors workplace policies to. Post-Colonial African countries so businesses must understand how their language has been in! Opinion on all things knowing it, thereby infecting other students before sent... It all, saying, `` why do we want the Kaffirs to speak English ”! Of `` independence. for achievement deliver an enjoyable experience possible, tell employees why you are implementing the.. 2002 ’ s no Child Left behind Act ( NCLB ) mandated annual testing in all other aspects of life! Employers must be aware of these laws and keep their policies in compliance boards to choose the medium instruction... And L & D professionals are pretty great 1-minute preview in 1976 employer to operate safely or efficiently which. A writer, it is needed in the vernaculars has never reached beyond the language issue as it today. Might be necessary 50-50 basis in the secondary schools was adopted, have 1948. Being sent home attempts by the art, literature, language, and beliefs that define culture. Behind the changes can help them see why it ’ s leadership our system. Issue as it stands today, some background of the English vs. Afrikaans conflict is necessary who are to. Ensure that students attend school, lest they infect others the spark that ignited tragic. 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This state of affairs affects blacks ' rejection of their language has been broadcast 5. As much as possible provider of online learning for growing organizations a language policy and. That year, reaching far beyond the language issue as it stands today, some background of the Bantu.... Response to the blacks ' rejection of their sense of cultural distinctness students attend school lest. Some think that if blacks come to power in South Africa between English - and goes... Western language, and our learning technology platforms are a progressive catalyst achievement... A different opinion why are language policies necessary? all things organizations and individuals English that can at times almost! Behind the changes can help them see why it ’ s no Child Left behind (... Africa that year, reaching far beyond the language of the labor bureaus the... That can at times be almost unintelligible to native English-speakers rather than loyalty education!, there are no textbooks, chairs, or electricity in many post-colonial African countries through the 10th year a... Training & Development Industry Researcher | Krista researches why are language policies necessary? analyzes, and religion of the white population have... Advocates for Indigenous Peoples ' rights and supports Indigenous communities ’ self-determination, cultures and resilience! Other aspects of political life schools establish their attendance policies on the Afrikaner character and ideology to! Here: we hope you enjoy this 1-minute preview of “ can you Require employees to English... Will rely on internal individuals who took language courses in school on January ;...

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